Free Trade Agreement Documents
These documents, which are regularly updated, have been subdivided by theme. At the international level, there are two important open access databases, which have been developed by international organizations for policy makers and businesses: the trade agreement database provided by the ITC Market Access Card. Given that hundreds of free trade agreements are currently in force and are being negotiated (approximately 800 according to the rules of the intermediary of origin, including non-reciprocal trade agreements), it is important for businesses and policy makers to keep their status in mind. There are a number of free trade agreement custodians available at national, regional or international level. Among the most important are the database on Latin American free trade agreements, established by the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI) , the database managed by the Asian Regional Integration Center (ARIC) with information agreements concluded by Asian countries and the portal on free trade negotiations and agreements of the European Union.  A free trade agreement (FTA) or treaty is an agreement in violation of international law for the creation of a free trade area between cooperating states. Free trade agreements, a form of trade pacts, set tariffs and tariffs on imports and exports by countries, with the aim of reducing or removing barriers to trade and thereby promoting international trade.  These agreements “generally focus on a chapter with preferential tariff treatment,” but they often contain “trade facilitation and regulatory clauses in areas such as investment, intellectual property, public procurement, technical standards, and health and plant health issues.”  In this section, you will find all efTA legal documents relating to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1994), which originally defined the free trade agreement, which would only cover trade in goods.  An agreement with a similar purpose, namely the improvement of trade in services, is referred to as the “economic integration agreement” in Article V of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS).  However, in practice, the term is now commonly used [by whom?] to refer to agreements that concern not only goods, but also services and even investments.
Environmental provisions have also become increasingly common in international investment agreements, such as free trade agreements. 104 Legal documents from the permanent body and the EFTA committee. It is also important to note that a free trade agreement is a reciprocal agreement that is authorized by Article XXIV of the GATT. Autonomous trade agreements for developing and least developed countries are permitted by the 1979 decision by the signatories of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) (“empowerment clause”) on differentiated and more favourable treatment, reciprocity and increased participation of developing countries. It forms the legal basis for the WTO`s Generalized Preference System (GSP).  Free trade agreements and preferential trade agreements (as mentioned by the WTO) are considered an exception to the MFN principle.  The Market Access Card was developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) to support companies, governments and market access researchers.
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