Withdrawal Agreement 12 November 2019
The United Kingdom (United Kingdom) left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK will have to comply with all EU rules and legislation. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change. After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the UK`s withdrawal agreement from Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK)  which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The withdrawal agreement came into force on 1 February 2020, after being adopted on 17 October 2019, at the same time as the political declaration setting the framework for the future partnership between the EU and the UK.
15.Following the Prime Minister`s letter, EU and UK negotiators met and the new protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland was published on 17 October. The consolidated full text of the withdrawal agreement and a revised political statement on future relations were submitted to Parliament on 19 October and, as we have seen, the House of Commons adopted a proposal on the same day that rejects the adoption of the agreement until implementing laws are passed. On 21 October, the government duly introduced this legislation, the European Union Withdrawal Act (withdrawal). The House of Commons voted for a second reading of the bill the next day, but then voted against the government`s proposed program, after which the bill`s progress was halted. The dissolution of Parliament followed on 6 November 2019 and a revised bill was published on the opening day of Parliament after the parliamentary elections on 19 December 2019. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. The EU and the UK reach an interim agreement. It includes a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. This is the third time the British Parliament has rejected the agreement. The UK has until 12 April 2019 to decide what to do next: the UK government and the remaining 27 member states approve the draft agreement.
The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. The British Parliament passes a law requiring the UK government to ask for a postponement of Brexit if there is no deal with the EU by 19 October 2019.
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