Umbrella Final Agreement
On December 1, 2017, the Supreme Court of Canada (CCS), in the Nacho Nyak Dun v. Yukon First Nations (Nacho Nyak Dun), overturned a decision by the Yukon government to open the Peel Water Basin for development and substantially modify the Peel Watershed Planning Commission`s final recommended plan (plan). CSC decided that the final agreements with a number of First Nations that allowed the Commission and provided for the land use process did not allow Yukon to moderate the Commission`s plan so drastically. Before Yukon First Nations regained their autonomy, the federal government regulated how they could use their country. Prior to the agreement, Yukon First Nations claimed the country and Yukon resources as all under their ownership.  This was based on the traditional occupation and use of this land. But all Yukon cases were controlled by Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC).  INAC was responsible for implementing programs related to law, land reserves, health, social services and housing. Yukon First Nation groups implemented these programs but did not have the authority to change them.  After many years of negotiations and the hard work of many visionary leaders, the historic Umbrella Final Agreement (UFA) was signed in 1993. It provided the model for the negotiation of individual land agreements (called “final agreements”) with each Yukon nation. Together Today for Our Children Tomorrow`s path to final umbrella agreement and the resulting modern contracts and self-management agreements has been long and unexplored. While there have been many challenges along the way, the agreements embody the common path we have forged together, fairer and more inclusive for all.
They put power back in the hands of 11 Yukon First Nations to govern their communities and gave all Yukoners a greater voice in land management by changing the way business is done in the Yukon, with First Nations at the table, shaping cross-sector policies and economic development for the benefit of Yukon First Nations all Yukoners and Canadians , have stimulated. Yukon Country`s claims refer to the process of negotiating and executing Aboriginal land claim agreements in Yukon, Canada, between First Nations and the federal government. On the basis of historical occupation and exploitation, First Nations claim fundamental rights in all countries. In 1993, Canada, Yukon and the Yukon Indian Council entered into a framework agreement that served as a model for individualized finite agreements negotiated with the Yukon First Nations.
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